Hypolepis Bernh.

Photo: P. Ballings


Description of the genus

Rhizome subterranean, widely creeping, slender. Fronds large, widely spaced, 2-5-pinnatifid; veins free, rarely anastomosing. Sori small, ± circular, terminal on the veins and confined to the lobe sinuses; pseudo-indusium formed by a reflexed marginal flap. Spores monolete.


Derivation of name:  hypo: under, lepis: scale; the sori are covered by a modified, scale-like flap of the margin

Worldwide: c. 40 species in tropical and warm regions of the world



We have 3 taxa in the database for Hypolepis.

  • Hypolepis goetzei Hieron. ex Reimers
  • Hypolepis sparsisora (Schrad.) Kuhn
  • Hypolepis villoso-viscida (Thouars) Tardieu


  • Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011) Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide. Struik Nature.
  • Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983) The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria.
  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta.Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13: 1-222.
  • Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta.Flora Zambesiaca, 0: 1-254.