Hypolepis - Dennstaedtiaceae

Hypolepis goetzei Hieron. ex Reimers






Hypolepis rugosula (Labill.) J.Sm. var. africana C.Chr.

Common name


Rhizome widely creeping, subterranean, up to 5-9 mm in diameter; rhizome hairs pale brown, c. 1 mm long. Fronds well-spaced, 0.7–2.1 m tall. Stipe dark purplish or red, 30–60 cm long, rough with minute spinules and with stiff brown multicellular hairs. Lamina triangular in outline, 2–3-pinnatifid; rhachis similar to stipe; pinnae triangular-lanceolate in outline, 15–25 cm long, stalked; pinnules of third order elements divided into lanceolate or oblong lobed segments 0.5–2 cm long, the lobes oblique, rounded; midribs etc. with multicellular hairs. Sori with oblong or triangular green pseudo-indusia.



goetzei: after W. Goetze (1872-1899), German naturalist, explorer, photographer and collector of botanical and zoological specimens in Tanzania.


Boggy places and streamsides in upland forest, Hypericum woodland, giant heath association.

Distribution worldwide

Africa, St. Helena, Madagascar, Mascarenes.

Distribution in Africa

Dem. Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea (incl. Bioko), Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania , Uganda.

Growth form



  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 110.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1999) Dennstaedtiaceae.Flora of Tropical East Africa, Pages 9 - 11.