Cyathea Sm.

Photo: BT. Wursten


Description of the genus

Trunk erect. Fronds with free veins. Sori borne on the veins.


Derivation of name:  kyatheion: little cup, referring to the shape of the sori.

Comment: Our indigenous tree ferns are sometimes included in the genus Alsophila.

Worldwide: 600-650 species in tropical and warm zones



We have 19 taxa in the database for Cyathea.

  • Cyathea camerooniana Hook. var. camerooniana
  • Cyathea camerooniana Hook. var. aethiopica (Welw. ex Hook.) Holttum
  • Cyathea camerooniana Hook. var. zenkeri (Hieron. ex Diels) Tardieu
  • Cyathea camerooniana Hook. var. ugandensis Holttum
  • Cyathea camerooniana Hook. var. occidentalis Holttum
  • Cyathea camerooniana Hook. var. congi (H. Christ.) Holttum
  • Cyathea capensis (L.f.) Sm.
  • Cyathea cooperi (F.Muell.) Domin.
  • Cyathea dregei Kunze
  • Cyathea fadenii Holttum
  • Cyathea humilis Hieron. var. pycnophylla Holttum
  • Cyathea humilis Hieron. var. humilis
  • Cyathea manniana Hook.
  • Cyathea mildbraedii (Brause) Domin.
  • Cyathea mossambicensis Baker
  • Cyathea nickelsii (Tardieu & F.Ballard) Tindale
  • Cyathea obtusiloba (Hook.) Domin
  • Cyathea schliebenii Reimers
  • Cyathea thomsonii Baker


  • Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011) Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide. Struik Nature.
  • Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983) The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria.
  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta.Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13: 1-222.
  • Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta.Flora Zambesiaca, 0: 1-254.