Zygophlebia - Polypodiaceae

Zygophlebia villosissima (Hook.) L.E. Bishop






Polipodium villosissimum Hook.
Grammitis villosissima (Hook.) Ching
Ctenopteris villosissima (Hook.) W.J. Harley
Xiphopteris villosissima (Hook.) Alston
xiphopteris villosissima (Hook.) Alston var. laticelluta Benl

Common name


Rhizome c. 1.5 mm in diameter, erect to shortly crreping, rhizome scales brown,linear and tapering to a fine point. Fronds tufted, deeply pinnatifid. Stipe brown, up to 3.5 cm long, covered with long, stiff, reddish-brown hairs up to 3 mm long. Lamina oblong to oblong-lanceolate in outline, abruptly decrescent below, pinnatifid almost to the midrib. Pinnae up to 7 mm long, oblong in outline, margin entire, covered on both surfaces with long, stiff, reddish-brown hairs up to 3 mm long, veins and midrib obscure. Sori submarginal, up to 8 per lobe.




Distribution worldwide

Distribution in Africa

Cameroon, Dem. Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea (incl. Bioko), Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Rwanda, Sierra Leone.

Growth form

Epiphytic, lithophytic.


  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 166.
  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13 Page 109.
  • Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta. Flora Zambesiaca, 0 Page 142. As Xiphopteris villosissima (Hook.) Alston