Huperzia - Lycopodiaceae

Huperzia phlegmaria (L.) Rothm.

Photo: BT. Wursten

Photo: BT. Wursten

Photo: BT. Wursten






Lycopodium phlegmaria L.

Common name


Stems up to 30 cm, pendulous, dichotomously branched. Foliage leaves narrowly lanceolate-acuminate, up to 3.3 × 0.4 cm, coriaceous. Fertile region of stem distinct. Sporophylls 1.2 × 1.5 mm, oblate, subequal in length to the sporangia.


Recorded in Golding (2002) as occurring in the Nyanga area, specifically upstream of the Sports Club at Aberfoyle Tea Estate. It is also reported there that it occurs in Zimbabwe only in the one locality in one specific clump of trees.



Deep shade in evergreen forest.

Distribution worldwide

Widespread in tropical Africa and Asia.

Distribution in Africa

Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea (incl. Bioko), Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Tanzania , Uganda, Zimbabwe.

Growth form

Epiphytic, lithophytic.


  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13 Page 19. Not recorded for Zimbabwe
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 15.
  • Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta. Flora Zambesiaca, 0 Page 20. Recorded for Malawi only