Triplophyllum - Tectariaceae

Triplophyllum buchholzii (Kuhn) Holttum






Aspidium buchholzii Kuhn
Ctenitis buchholzii (Kuhn) Alston
Dryopteris buchholzii (Kuhn) C.Chr.
Tectaria buchholzii (Kuhn) Copel.

Common name


Rhizome shortly creeping, thick; rhizome scales lanceolate in outline, thick, large, dark brown. Fronds monomorphic, subcoriaceous. Stipe 30-50 cm long, dark brown, base with same scales a rhizome. Lamina pinnate to bipinnate, deltoid in outline, hairless; pinnae 7-8 pair and a strongly lobed terminal pinna, lower pinnae shortly petiolate and basiscopically developed, the first 2-3 pinnules free, rounded and with an uneven base, middle pinnae subsessile or sessile, apex shortly tapering, margins lobed, lobes rounded, the first lobe slightly bigger than the following ones; rhachis black; veins forked, sometimes completely free, often forming some isolated areols, sometimes a range of marginal areols. Sori small; indusiate.



buchholzii: this species was first collected by R.W.Buchholz (1837-1876), german zoologist, professor and director of the zoological museum at Greifswald.


Muddy ground.

Distribution worldwide

See African distribution.

Distribution in Africa

Cameroon, Dem. Republic of Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria.

Growth form



  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 196.
  • Tardieu-Blot, M.-L. (1964) Ptéridophytes vol.3.Flore du Cameroun, Pages 273 - 274.
  • Thardieu-Blot, M.L. (1964) Ptéridophytes vol.8.Flore du Gabon, Page 162.