Cheilanthes - Sinopteridaceae

Cheilanthes hastata (L.f.) Kunze

 

 

 

 

Synonyms

Cheilanthes hastata (L.f.) Kunze var. reticulata Schelpe
Adiantum hastatum L.f.
Pellaea hastata (L.f.) Link.
Pellaea auriculata (Thunb.) Fée
Pellaea lancifolia Bak.

Common name

Description

Rhizome shortly creeping to procumbent, c. 3 mm in diameter; rhizome scales linear-attenuate in outline, margin subentire, up to 8 mm long, reddish-brown or pale brown. Fronds monomorphic, tufted, erect, softly herbaceous. Stipe 1-5 cm long, dark brown, glossy, glabrous or sparsely set with pale brown scales, up to 6 mm long, denser towards the base. Lamina pinnate to 2-pinnatifid with a pair of strongly developed basal pinna lobes, linear-lanceolate to oblong-elliptic in outline, 9-25 x 2.5-5.5 cm, glabrous; pinnae oblong-lanceolate in outline, base often lobed, apex pointed to rounded, margin entire or crenate, clearly inrolled; venetion free, apparent in dried material; rhachis not winged, dark brown, glabrous. Sori marginal; indusium continuous, entire to minutely erose.

Notes

Derivation

hastata: spear-shaped; referring to the shape of the pinnae.

Habitat

Around base of boulders, in rock crevices, on rocks and under bushes on fynbos covered hillsides, on earth banks, on sandstone, in sun or light shade.

Distribution worldwide

See African distribution.

Distribution in Africa

Namibia, South Africa.

Growth form

Lithophytic, terrestrial.

Literature

  • Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011) Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide. Struik Nature. Pages 370 - 371. (Includes a picture).
  • Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983) The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 282 - 283. As Pellaeae hastata (L.f.) Link. (Includes a picture).
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 181.
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