Selaginella - Selaginellaceae

Selaginella leoneensis Hieron.






Common name


Rhizophores localized in the lower third of the stem, up to 4 cm long, glabrous, pale streaked. Stems erect, up to 25 cm high by 2 mm in diameter, streaked pale pinkish; branches glabrous, diverging at 45 °, tripinnate, oval in outline. Leaves entirely heteromorphic; lateral leaves widely spaced on main stem, closer together on branches but neither contiguous nor imbricate, unequal, c.2.25 x 1 mm, subacute; axillary leaves slightly unequal, ovate, denticulate, c. 2.25 mm long; median leaves spaced apart on main stem, subcontiguous on branches, elliptical, ciliolate, awned, awn about 2/3 the length of blade. Strobili at the end of final branches, 2-6 x 2.5 mm; sporophylls heteromorphic, dorsal sporophylls oblong, green, subacute, serrulate at the top on the lower margin, ciliolate-serrulate on the upper margin, slightly decurrent at the base, ventral sporophylls hyalin, aristate ovate-acuminate, strongly ciliate.




On muddy soil.

Distribution worldwide

See African distribution.

Distribution in Africa

Cameroon, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone.

Growth form



  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 24.
  • Tardieu-Blot, M.-L. (1964) Ptéridophytes vol.3.Flore du Cameroun, Pages 39 - 40.
  • Thardieu-Blot, M.L. (1964) Ptéridophytes vol.8.Flore du Gabon, Pages 20 - 21.