Pteris - Pteridaceae

Pteris bavazzanoi Pic.Serm.






Pteris kilemensis Bonap.

Common name


Rhizome creeping; rhizome scales pale brown or chestnut, lanceolate in outline with long hair tip. Fronds spaced or tufted, 0.6–1.2 m tall. Stipe straw-coloured, sometimes darker at base and with few scales near rhizome, 25–95 cm long. Lamina ovate in outline, 14–48 x 10–38 cm, 2–4-pinnatipartite at base, 1–2-pinnate above; pinnae lanceolate in outline, 6–13 x 2–3.5 cm; segments of pinnae or pinnules 3–14-jugate, ± oblong to linear-lanceolate, 0.5–2.5 x 0.3–0.5 cm, the terminal segment linear-lanceolate, 2.5–3.5 x 0.3 cm, all spinulose-mucronate at apex; sterile margins spinulose-serrate; costa and costules spinulose above, the former deeply channelled; veins free. Sori reaching nearly the apex of the segments, the sterile tips spinulose-serrate and mucronate.



bavazzanoi: first collected by Mr. Bavazzano on Mt. Meru, Tanzania.


Forest of Prunus africana, Nuxia, Olea, Podocarpus, Afrocrania, ..., often on steep slopes of ravines, bases of lava cliffs.

Distribution worldwide

See African distribution.

Distribution in Africa

Tanzania .

Growth form



  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Pages 169 - 170.
  • Verdcourt, B. (2002) Pteridaceae.Flora of Tropical East Africa, Page 21.