Grammitis - Polypodiaceae

Grammitis synsora (Baker) copel.






Polypodium synsorum Baker

Common name


Rhizome short-creeping to long-creeping, branched; rhizome scales lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate in outline, dark brown to blackish, glabrous. Fronds simple, closely spaced, stipes 1– 8 mm apart in each row. Stipes 2–7 mm long, with whitish to pale red-brown simple hairs (0.2–1 mm long). Lamina narrowly oblanceolate in outline, 1.8–2.9 x 0.3–0.5 cm, apex rounded, base long-attenuate, sometimes glabrous, usually with whitish simple hairs 0.4–1 mm long on lower surface of lamina in soral area; lateral veins simple, each vein-ending marked by a round to slightly elongate hydathode on upper surface of lamina, free. Sori in apical 1/5 to 1/2 of lamina, 1– 8 in each row.




High epiphyte in Ocotea-Allenblackia-Anthocleista-Podocarpus forest, growing with bryophytes, G. kyimbilensis and G. pygmaeae.

Distribution worldwide

Africa, Madagascar.

Distribution in Africa

Tanzania .

Growth form



  • Parris, B.S. (2005) Grammitidaceae.Flora of Tropical East Africa, Pages 3 - 5. (Includes a picture).
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 155.