Lycopodium - Lycopodiaceae

Lycopodium carolinum (Lawalrée) Symoens






Diphasium carolinum Lawalrée
Diphasiastrum carolinum (Lawalrée) Holub

Common name


Main stems creeping on the ground, sending up ascending to erect branches, slightly compressed and up to 1.5–2 mm wide; ultimate branches 1.8–2.7 mm wide, including leaves. Leaves of the ultimate sterile ramifications of three kinds, all fused in their lower part to the axis which bears them; dorsal leaves with free part 1–1.8 x 0.4–0.7 mm; lateral leaves 3–6 x 1.2–2.2 mm; ventral leaves 1–2 x 0.3–0.8 mm. Spikes 1–2.7 cm long, borne on a peduncle up to 16 cm long and forked up to five times, and bearing leaves 2.5–3 mm long; bracts up to 3 x 1.7 mm, subpeltate, broadly ovate, base truncate to cordate, apex acuminate, subentire.




Erica formations, mixed Erica and bamboo formations, alpine meadows; from 2700 to 3300 m altitude.

Distribution worldwide

See African distribution.

Distribution in Africa

Dem. Republic of Congo.

Growth form



  • Lawalree, A. (1989) Lycopodiaceae.Flore d' Afrique Centrale, Pages 14 - 16.
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 18.