Elaphoglossum - Lomariopsidaceae

Elaphoglossum subcinnamomeum (H.Christ) Hieron.

 

 

 

 

Synonyms

Elaphoglossum mannianum Christ var. subcinnamomeum Christ

Common name

Description

Rhizome moderately to long-creeping, 2–2.5 mm diameter; rhizome scales linear-lanceolate in outline, ± 4 mm long, dark red-brown, shiny, subentire or with sparse short fine teeth, spreading to recurved; phyllopodia indistinct, 3–4 mm, dark brown. Fronds patent to ascending, dimorphous. Sterile fronds: 10–28 cm long, 1–2 cm distant; stipe 2/5–3/5 the sterile frond length, scales linear-lanceolate in outline, orange-tan, often dark-tipped, to 4 mm long, with short fine projections; lamina narrowly elliptic to linear-lanceolate in outline, thin, apex pointed to rounded, base narrowly wedge-shaped; veins obscure, free, simple or once-forked, 1–1.5 mm apart, at ± 65° angle to costa; hydathodes absent; upper surface with evenly and liberally distributed scales but not overlappinge, greyish to orange-tan, linear-lanceolate in outline, ± 2 mm long, with projections, mixed with resinous dots, on lower surface only resinous dots; orange-tan linear-lanceolate scales on costa and margin (attached upper surface). Fertile fronds: generally longer than the sterile fronds; stipe very long, 2/3–3/4 the frond length;lamina apex rounded, base broadly wedge-shaped; intersporangial scales absent.

Notes

Derivation

Habitat

Moist mossy rocks and humus in shade in heath zone and afroalpine moorland.

Distribution worldwide

See African distribution.

Distribution in Africa

Cameroon, Kenya, Tanzania .

Growth form

Lithophytic, terrestrial.

Literature

  • Mickel, J.T. (2002) Lomariopsidaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa, Page 26. (Includes a picture).
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 132.
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