Asplenium - Aspleniaceae

Asplenium bugoiense Hieron.






Common name


Rhizome erect or short-ascending, to 9 mm diameter; rhizome scales dark brown, to 6 x 2.5 mm, base cordate, ovate-oblong or elongate-deltoid in outline, apex acute to long-acuminate, margin pale brown, entire or rarely fimbriate, transparent. Fronds tufted or occasionally shortly spaced, often with subterminal gemmae. Stipe dark green above, black beneath, 11–23 cm long, with scales similar to rhizome scales (but smaller) dense near base and sparse elsewhere. Lamina dark green, ovate-lanceolate in outline, (20–)30–50 x 8–20 cm, 3-pinnatisect (to slightly 4-pinnatisect), apex gradually tapering to a point. Pinnae shortly stalked, in 13–23 pairs, the basal ones hardly smaller and (sub)opposite, the upper ones alternate, elongate-deltoid in outline, to 8 x 4(–10x5, fide protologue) cm, 2-pinnatisect, acroscopic base truncate, basiscopic base cuneate; pinnules in 6–12 pairs; the ultimate segments falcate-oblong and to 8 x 1.5 mm; scales sparse, as on rhachis. Rhachis narrowly winged, glabrous or with sparse dark brown scales to 2 mm, the margins with hair-lobes. Sori 1(–2) per segment, on the vein, 1.5–4 mm long; indusium membranous, entire, 0.4–0.5 mm wide.



bugoiense: type specimen from Bugoier forest, Rwanda.


Moist forest, bamboo forest, nearly always in damp sites such as stream-banks, often associated with Cyathea.

Distribution worldwide

See African distribution.

Distribution in Africa

Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania , Uganda.

Growth form

Epiphytic, lithophytic, terrestrial.


  • Beentje, H.J. (2008) Aspleniaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa, Page 45. (Includes a picture).
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 81.