Asplenium - Aspleniaceae

Asplenium mannii Hook.

Photo: BT. Wursten

Photo: P. Ballings

Photo: P. Ballings

Photo: P. Ballings

Photo: P. Ballings






Loxoscaphe mannii sensu Kuhn
Lindsaea mannii (Hook.) Hillebr.

Common name


Rhizome short, erect, up to 3 mm thick; rhizome scales dark brown, triangular in outline, subentire, clathrate, acute. Fronds tufted, some with gemmae born at the tip of a long bare stolon-like rhachis.  Stipe up to 6.5 cm long, hairless. Lamina up to 6 × 2.5 cm, pinnate to 2-pinnate at the base, lanceolate in outline. Pinnae up to 6 pairs, hairless, narrowly spathulate, entire. Rhachis hairless, narrowly winged in upper half of the frond. Sori solitary, 1.5-2.5 mm long, oval, situated at the end of each pinna lobe, surrounded by the lamina of the lobe and not marginal; indusium subentire, oblong, membranous, 0.5-1 mm wide.


Very recognizable by its small size and stoloniferous habit.


mannii: named after Gustav Mann, a German botanist & plant collector.


Shade in moist forest.

Distribution worldwide

See African distribution.

Distribution in Africa

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Dem. Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea (incl. Bioko), Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan and South Sudan, Tanzania , Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Growth form



  • Beentje, H.J. (2008) Aspleniaceae.Flora of Tropical East Africa, Page 40. (Includes a picture).
  • Burrows, J.E. (1990) Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 239. (Includes a picture).
  • Fisher, E. & Lobin, W. (2023) Synoptic Revision of Aspleniaceae (Asplenium, Hymenasplenium) of Rwanda. Magnolia Press, New Zealand. Pages 21 - 24.
  • Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983) The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 376 - 377. (Includes a picture).
  • Kornas, J. (1979) Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia. Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych. Pages 100 - 101.
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 90.
  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta.Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13 Pages 167 - 168.
  • Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta.Flora Zambesiaca, 0 Page 187. (Includes a picture).
  • Tardieu-Blot, M.-L. (1964) Ptéridophytes vol.3.Flore du Cameroun, Pages 224 - 225. (Includes a picture).