Microsorum - Polypodiaceae

Microsorum scolopendria (Burm. f.) Copel.

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Mozambique

Photo: BT. Wursten
Mozambique

Photo: BT. Wursten
Dem. Republic of Congo

 

 

 

 

Synonyms

Phymatodes scolopendria (Burm. f.) Ching
Polypodium phymatodes L.
Drynaria phymatodes (L.) Fée
Pleopeltis phymatodes (L.) T.Moore
Phymatosorus scolopendria (Burm.f.) Pic.Serm.

Common name

Description

Rhizome widely creeping, up to 1 cm in diameter; rhizome scales up to 4 mm long, dark brown, (narrowly) lanceolate in outline, apex tapering to a point, finely toothed, later lost and surface becoming white. Fronds widely spaced, coriaceous, glabrous. Stipe up to 45 cm long, stramineous to light brown, glabrous. Lamina up to 60 × 30 cm, deltate-ovate to broadly oblong in outline, deeply pinnatifid into 4-8 pairs of lobes and a terminal segment. Lobes up to 22 × 3 cm, narrower in fertile than in sterile fronds, narrowly oblong to linear in outline, apex pointed, margins entire to somewhat wavy, glabrous. Sori round to oval, 2-3 mm in diameter, in 1-2 regular to irregular lines on either side of the costae, slightly sunken into the lamina, prominent on the upper side, exindusiate, with nonpeltate paraphyses.

Notes

Derivation

skolopendrion: a millipede; a comparison alluding to the creeping rhizome with its rootlets.

Habitat

Evergreen forest and thicket, Brachystegia woodland, mangrove swamps edges, limestone cliffs, oil palms, mango, clove trees and Pandanus.

Distribution worldwide

Africa, Comoro and Mascarene islands, Madagascar, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, southeastern Asia, Indo-China, Malaysia to Australia and Polynesia.

Distribution in Africa

Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Dem. Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea (incl. Bioko), Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Tanzania , Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe.

Growth form

Epiphytic, lithophytic, terrestrial.

Literature

  • Burrows, J.E. (1990) Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 200 - 202. (Includes a picture).
  • Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011) Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide. Struik Nature. Pages 552 - 553. (Includes a picture).
  • Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983) The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 314 - 316. (Includes a picture).
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 161.
  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13 Pages 101 - 102. (Includes a picture).
  • Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta. Flora Zambesiaca, 0 Pages 153 - 155. As Phymatodes scolopendria (Includes a picture).
  • Verdcourt, B. (2001) Polypodiaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa, Pages 24 - 26. As Phymatosorus scolopendria (Burm.f.) Pic.Serm. (Includes a picture).
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