Anemia - Anemiaceae

Anemia simii Tardieu

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: JE. Burrows
South Africa

Photo: JE. Burrows
South Africa

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: JE. Burrows
South Africa

Photo: BT. Wursten
Mozambique

 

 

 

 

Synonyms

Anemia anthriscifolia sensu Sim

Common name

Description

Rhizome horizontal to suberect, covered with red-brown hairs (up to 7 mm long). Fronds tufted, erect, hemidimorphic. Stipe of fertile fronds up to 23 cm, stipe of sterile fronds up to 10 cm. Stipe with hair-like scales when young, subglabrous when older. Sterile lamina up to 14 × 11 cm, ovate to triangular in outline, bipinnate to tripinnatifid with spreading pinnae; ultimate segments rounded, oblong, minutely crenate, thinly hairy on both surfaces. Fertile pinnea tripinnatifid, ultimate segments reduced, glabrous to sparsely hairy, petiolules up to 8 cm. Sporangia in two rows.         

Notes

Similar to A. angolensis but fertile segments hairless or with few hairs

Derivation

simii: named after T.R.Sim (1858-1938), author of " The ferns of South Africa " (1892)

Habitat

Rocky habitats and undergrowth of seasonally dry miombo woodland. Terrestrial or lithophyte.

Distribution worldwide

Distribution in Africa

Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe.

Growth form

Lithophytic, terrestrial.

Literature

  • Burrows, J.E. (1990) Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 59 - 60. (Includes a picture).
  • Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011) Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide. Struik Nature. Pages 196 - 197. (Includes a picture).
  • Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983) The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 175 - 176. (Includes a picture).
  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13 Page 52.
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 52.
  • Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta. Flora Zambesiaca, 0 Page 54. (Includes a picture).
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