Crepidomanes - Hymenophyllaceae

Crepidomanes inopinatum (Pic. Serm.) J.P. Roux

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

 

 

 

 

Synonyms

Trichomanes inopinatum (Pic.Serm.) J.E. Burrows
Vandenboschia inopinata Pic. Serm.
Crepidomanes inopinatum (Pic.Serm.) J.P.Roux var. majus (Taton) J.P.Roux

Common name

Description

Rhizome less than 0.5 mm in diameter, widely creeping; rhizome hairs very dark brown to dull black, unbranched. Fronds spaced apart. Stipe 5-35 mm long, winged in upper part only, glabrous or set with a few brown, nonarticulated hairs. Lamina variable, 8-75 × 8-30 mm, 2- or 3-pinnatifid; ultimate lobes narrowly oblong, c. 0.7 mm broad, drying fold present. Sori obconical, c. 1.5 × 1 mm, narrowly winged for most of their length, valves rounded, entire.

Notes

Can be confused with C. melanotrichum: C. melanotrichum has a stipe that is narrowly winged throughout (only in the upper quarter to half in C. inopinatum) and that has black articulated hairs in 2 rows or leftover stubs (absent or few brown in C. inopinatum). The rhizome hairs are shiny black in C. melanotrichum and dark brown to dull black in C. inopinatum. Can be distinguished from P. borbonicum : P. borbonicum has a stipe that is winged in the distal half to three quarters, has no stipe hairs, the drying fold is absent and rhizome hairs are brown. The sorus is twice as long as wide (as long as wide in C. inopinatum).
Flora of Tropical East Africa treats this as a synonym of C. melanotrichum rather than as a taxon in its own right.

Derivation

inopinatum: unexpected, it was a surprise to find another species in the genus.

Habitat

Moist deeply shaded evergreen forest.

Distribution worldwide

Africa, Madagascar and Mascarene islands.

Distribution in Africa

Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania , Uganda, Zimbabwe.

Growth form

Epiphytic, lithophytic.

Literature

  • Burrows, J.E. (1990) Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 93 - 94. (Includes a picture).
  • Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011) Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide. Struik Nature. Page 158. (Includes a picture).
  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13 Page 45.
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Pages 39 - 40.
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