Lycopodium - Lycopodiaceae

Lycopodium clavatum L.

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

Photo: P. Ballings
Zimbabwe

 

 

 

 

Synonyms

var. inflexum (P. Beauv.) Spring
Lepidotis clavata (L.) P. Beauv.
Lepidotis inflexa P. Beauv.
Lycopodium inflexum (P. Beauv.) Sw
Lycopodium ciliatum (P.Beauv.) Sw.

Common name

Description

Main stem branched, creeping, giving rise to erect, unequally dichotomously branched, secondary stems. Foliage leaves set at right angles to branches, with tip bent forwards, lanceolate, 3-5 × 0.3-0.6 mm, margins entire, apex with a fine hair-like point up to 3 mm. Fertile parts arranged in strobili; strobili 2-5, borne on a slender, sparsely leaved, branched peduncle up to 22 cm long. Sporophylls broadly ovate,up to 3 × 2 mm, margins finely lacerate.

Notes

Easy to recognize by its branched erect stems arising from a creeping stem.

Derivation

clavatum: club-shaped, referring to the shape of the stalked strobilus.

Habitat

Forest margins, streambanks in montane areas and in full sun along road embankments.

Distribution worldwide

Africa, Madagascar, Mascarene Islands and in temperate climates throughout most of the world.

Distribution in Africa

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea (incl. Bioko), Ethiopia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan and South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania , Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Growth form

Terrestrial.

Literature

  • Burrows, J.E. (1990) Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 18 - 19. (Includes a picture).
  • Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011) Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide. Struik Nature. Pages 38 - 39. (Includes a picture).
  • Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983) The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 140 - 141. (Includes a picture).
  • Kornas, J. (1979) Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia. Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych. Pages 29 - 30.
  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13 Pages 21 - 22.
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Pages 18 - 19.
  • Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta. Flora Zambesiaca, 0 Pages 20 - 21.
  •