Huperzia - Lycopodiaceae

Huperzia sooiana (Lawalrée) Holub

Photo: BT. Wursten
Dem. Republic of Congo

Photo: BT. Wursten
Dem. Republic of Congo

Photo: BT. Wursten
Dem. Republic of Congo






Phlegmarius sooianus Lawalrée

Common name


Plant 40-60 cm, subleathery. Stems up to 5-6 mm thick at the base. Leaves up to 10(-12) x 4(-5) mm, ovate in outline, base subcordate, apex acute, entire, , spreading almost perpendicular to stem, flat or nearly flat, midrib visible. Apical spikes, up to 15 x 0.1-0.2 cm, bracts included, forked 1-5 times; bracts as long or slightly longer than the sporangia, ovate-subrounded, obtuse or subacute at the top, the lower ones sharply and strongly different from the leaves.


Can be distinguished from H. tournayana by its shorter fertile spike (to 40 x 0.35 cm in H. tournayana) and the leaves that are subcordate at the base (rounded in H. tournayana).



Mostly on truncs of Elaeis in plantations, 1100 m altitude.

Distribution worldwide

See African distribution.

Distribution in Africa

Dem. Republic of Congo.

Growth form



  • Lawalree, A. (1989) Lycopodiaceae.Flore d' Afrique Centrale, Page 10.
  • Roux, J.P. (2009) Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Strelitzia 23, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Page 15.