Bolbitis Schott

Photo: JE. Burrows


Description of the genus

Plants terrestrial or semi-aquatic. Rhizome creeping; rhizome scales dark, entire. Stipe not articulated. Fronds closely spaced, deeply pinnatifid to pinnate, weakly dimorphic, gemmiferous in some species; sterile pinnae glabrous, usually crenate, fertile pinnae usually narrower. Veins anastomosing with included free veinlets. Sporangia acrostichoid.


Derivation of name:  bolbos: a bulb, itis: closely connected; referring to the bulbils produced on the frond of some species.

Worldwide: c. 44 species, pantropical distribution.



We have 7 taxa in the database for Bolbitis.

  • Bolbitis acrostichoides (Afzel. ex Sw.) Ching
  • Bolbitis auriculata (Lam.) Alston
  • Bolbitis fluviatilis (Hook.) Ching
  • Bolbitis gaboonensis (Hook.) Alston
  • Bolbitis gemmifera (Hieron.) C. Chr.
  • Bolbitis heudelotii (Bory ex Fée) Alston
  • Bolbitis salicina (Hook.) Ching


  • Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011) Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide. Struik Nature.
  • Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983) The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria.
  • Roux, J.P. (2001) Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta.Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report, 13: 1-222.
  • Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970) Pteridophyta.Flora Zambesiaca, 0: 1-254.